Subject Verb Agreement Rules Chart

Subject-verb agreement is one of the most important rules of grammar. It is essential to ensure that the subject and the verb in a sentence agree in number (singular or plural). Failure to follow this rule can lead to grammatical errors and confusion in meaning.

To help writers and editors understand the subject-verb agreement rules, we have prepared a chart that outlines the basic principles. Here’s a breakdown of the chart.

1. Singular subject takes a singular verb.

Example: The cat meows every morning.

2. Plural subject takes a plural verb.

Example: The dogs bark loudly.

3. Indefinite pronouns that are singular take a singular verb.

Example: Someone left their bag at the station. (Incorrect)

Someone left his or her bag at the station. (Correct)

4. Indefinite pronouns that are plural take a plural verb.

Example: Many have tried to solve the math problem.

5. When the subject and the verb are separated by a phrase or clause, the verb agrees with the subject and not the modifier.

Example: The man, along with his children, is going to the park.

6. In sentences with collective nouns, the verb can be either singular or plural, depending on the context.

Example: The team is practicing for the big game. (Singular because the team is seen as a unit)

The team are arguing among themselves. (Plural because they are seen as individuals)

7. In sentences with compound subjects joined by “and,” the verb is plural.

Example: The cat and the dog are playing in the yard.

8. In sentences with compound subjects joined by “or” or “nor,” the verb agrees with the subject closest to it.

Example: Neither the cat nor the dogs are allowed on the couch.

Conclusion

Subject-verb agreement is essential to ensuring that your writing is grammatically correct and clearly conveys your intended meaning. This chart provides a quick reference guide to the basic subject-verb agreement rules. By following these rules, you can avoid common grammatical errors and write with greater confidence and clarity.

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